COMPONENTS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW ABOUT
What Is Reproductive Health?
Reproductive health is often defined not only as the absence of dysfunctions and diseases of the reproductive system, but also as a mental, social and physical well being of an individual. In this term, it is implied that people should be well informed on the topics of sexual life and family planning. It also covers the safe and healthy means of reproduction, like contraception, family planning offices, well-equipped hospitals and so on. Apart from that, it also includes sexual health, where sex is viewed as more than a way to reproduce. Even though both sexes take part in reproducing, female reproductive system bear way more responsibilities than the male one do. Which is why reproductive health practices and services are more focused on women’s health.
Why Is Reproductive Health Important?
At first glance, the process of reproduction does not seem that complicated. But when you take a closer look, there is a plethora of issues. Many people do not know how to control the amount of children they produce, how to protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) or how to care for a child during its most fragile times. This is when reproductive health comes in. It teaches, helps and prevents many unfortunate situations from happening. Nevertheless, reproductive health is not limited to the reproductive process alone. Therefore, below, you can find out what else reproductive health is good for.
COMPONENTS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
PARENTAL CARE: Despite what you might think, many months of carrying a baby is not the hardest part of pregnancy and future motherhood. There are several years of growing teeth, tantrums, poop and fevers ahead of you. And half of the time you will require additional hands and medical assistance. That is why reproductive health includes facilities and services for safe motherhood. This component is meant to monitor the pregnancy itself all the way to delivering a baby, as well as neonatal, perinatal and postnatal periods, and breastfeeding.
FAMILY PLANNING: At the centres for family planning, people can usually find information on different kinds of contraception and the actual contraceptives. Even though it is called ‘family planning’, people who do not plan to start a family any time soon (or ever) can also use the functionality of these centres.
SERVICES FOR PROVIDING SAFE ABORTIONS: There are many reasons why people consider getting an abortion: unplanned pregnancy, health complications, pregnancy from a sexual assault (rape), etc. It is important that there are services available that could facilitate the process of pregnancy termination.
MANAGEMENT OF COMPLICATED ABORTIONS: If you somehow do not know, many countries prohibit abortions, mostly on religious grounds. In those countries, abortion is akin to murder. What they do not take into account is that abortions will not go anywhere, even when made illegal. However, these illegal abortions are often harmful for the pregnant person, and they lead to many unnecessary complications.
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF STIS: STIs can happen to anyone who has an active sex life. Most of them are relatively harmless and short, and reproductive health centres are equipped with dealing with them. However, some diseases are more severe, like HIV/AIDS. As they are untreatable, the centres can provide information on how to deal with them on a daily basis.
SEXUAL EDUCATION: Adolescents and other people that reached the age of sexual maturity should be taught about 'what is reproduction', 'what is safe sex', 'why contraception is important' and so many other things. Because of religious views or other reasons, many try to ‘protect’ their children from knowing about these things. However, instead of protecting kids from depravity, parents, teachers and guardians put the children at risk. As they know nothing about sex and reproduction, kids might engage in unsafe practices without even knowing it, which usually cause problems for both them and their parental figures.
SEXUAL HEALTH: Apart from being a tool for reproducing, sex is also a great stress relief, endorphin booster and a generally pleasurable activity (if it is consensual). Reproductive health teaches people how to engage in sexual activities that not only result in children, but also in mutual satisfaction and in strengthening of a bond between two people. And that is all on the components of reproductive health! We hope that now you are a little bit wiser on the topic. It is never too late to learn something new, especially about things that affect your health.