MENSTRUAL CRAMPS (PERIOD PAIN)
Menstrual pain can also be referred to as Dysmenorrheal or period pain; it is a sensation normally felt in the lower part of the abdomen and can occur before and during a woman’s menstrual period.
There are two types of menstrual cramps:
· Primary menstrual pain: this is the most common type of menstrual pain and it is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back pain. It can last for about 2-4 days before and during menstruation. There is no underlining problem that causes the pain.
· Secondary menstrual pain: These pains are caused by identifiable medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.
About 50% of women experience menstrual pains, some women has mild pains while some complain of severe pains, not all severe menstrual pains are caused by some medical conditions, it can be as a result of heavy bleeding, increase in the release of hormone-like substance called prostaglandins and the contraction of the uterus.
Symptoms of menstrual cramps might include:
· pains in the lower part of the abdomen and lower back,
· Lack of appetite,
· Constipation and
· Sometimes diarrhea.
In order to reduce menstrual pain, one can do the following:
· Take warm bath
· Take hot or warm water to ease blood flow
· Doing some slight exercise might also help
· Take pain relief medications
· Eat well and eat healthy