MENSTRUAL CRAMPS (PERIOD PAIN)

















Menstrual pain can also be referred to as Dysmenorrheal or period pain; it is a sensation normally felt in the lower part of the abdomen and can occur before and during a woman’s menstrual period. 

There are two types of menstrual cramps:

·         Primary menstrual pain: this is the most common type of menstrual pain and it is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back pain. It can last for about 2-4 days before and during menstruation. There is no underlining problem that causes the pain.

·         Secondary menstrual pain: These pains are caused by identifiable medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

About 50% of women experience menstrual pains, some women has mild pains while some complain of severe pains, not all severe menstrual pains are caused by some medical conditions, it can be as a result of heavy bleeding, increase in the release of hormone-like substance called prostaglandins and the contraction of the uterus.
Symptoms of menstrual cramps might include: 

·         pains in the lower part of the abdomen and lower back,
·         Lack of appetite,
·         Vomiting,
·         Dizziness,
·         Constipation and
·         Sometimes diarrhea.

In order to reduce menstrual pain, one can do the following:

·         Take warm bath
·         Take hot or warm water to ease blood flow
·         Doing some slight exercise might also help
·         Take pain relief medications
·         Eat well and eat healthy







Sulaiman Khadijah

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